Hydro Culture for Dummies
soil garden - land care - irrigation techniques]
to Mathew Norton
Hydro culture is a bottom feed irrigation technique that provides a continuous gradient of either pure or nutrient enriched water to the root ball of a plant for improved root cell osmosis and gas exchange. Hydro culture can refer to an active [use energy, moving] or passive [no energy] body of water and is equally effective because it allows the xylem vessels of a plant to transport greater volumes of water, salts, carbon dioxide and oxygen, for increased plant photosynthesis and respiration.
Plants thrive with permanent root ball immersion in water, and providing the stem base of the plant is not immersed in water for any lengthy period of time root rot will not occur. In open garden systems [outdoor soil gardens] where only partial root ball immersion can be achieved moisture spreading techniques must be used to provide effective overall medium saturation and optimise growth rates. To achieve this, moisture spreading mediums such as sand, perlite, gravel, vermiculite, expanded clay, rock wool, peat moss, sphagnum moss, or nylon matting are used to spread moisture to the outer regions of the root ball area. This must be done prior to planting in a garden bed. The body of water in the water-dispensing vessel must be located in close proximity to the root ball [approx 6 inches], and for good results must remain at a constant level and must never be allowed to run dry. If the well does become empty, juvenile plants will rapidly show signs of stress, become diseased, lose growth vitality and eventually die. However, if water and nutrition factors can be reliably controlled [via a micro valve], excellent plant health, growth rates, and bloom are achieved.
Create your own low cost pressure compensated feeder inlets by cutting 5mm long tubular stem sections
out of ear cotton bud stems and insert into the internal section into the internal section of the 4mm barbed riser
Regrow a forest in your environmentally vandalised part of the world or start your own highly successful horticultural enterprise on a third world budget
The bottle wick can easily be attached to stand micro irrigation systems for growing of trees and plants
as it offers significant water saving advantages over drip feeders in particular for cultivation in regions
with very hot climates with "very limited water supplies", or sandy soils "The desert"